Global Gender Gap Report 2024

Blue, purple and green illustration representing people on the globe
World Economic Forum, June 2024

The Global Gender Gap Index annually benchmarks the current state and evolution of gender parity across four key dimensions (Economic Participation and Opportunity, Educational Attainment, Health and Survival, and Political Empowerment). It is the longest-standing index tracking the progress of numerous countries’ efforts towards closing these gaps over time since its inception in 2006.

In 2024 the Global Gender Gap Index benchmarks gender parity across 146 economies, providing a basis for the analysis of gender parity developments across two-thirds of the world’s economies. Further, the index examines a subset of 101 countries that have been included in every edition of the index since 2006, offering a broad country sample for longitudinal and trend analysis.

The Global Gender Gap Index measures scores on a 0-100 scale and scores can be interpreted as the distance covered towards parity (i.e. the percentage of the gender gap that has been closed). Crosscountry comparisons support the identification of the most effective policies to close gender gaps.

Findings of the Global Gender Gap Report 2024 include:

  • Australia’s ranking has improved by two places to 24th. The record number of women in the Ministry continues to drive Australia’s progress in the Index.
  • The lack of meaningful, widespread change in global results since the last edition of the Report effectively slows down the rate of progress to attain parity. Based on current data, it will take 134 years to reach full parity.
  • Overall, the most significant shift has occurred in Political Empowerment, where parity has jumped a total of 8.3 percentage points to 22.8% over the past 18 editions of the Report.
  • At the current rate of progress, it will take 169 years to close the Political Empowerment global gender gap.
  • Women’s representation in the political sphere has increased at the federal and local level, though top-level positions remain largely inaccessible for women globally. With over 60 national elections in 2024 and the largest global population in history set to vote, this representation could improve.

Pathways to Politics GENDER SCORECARD 2024:

Women in Australian politics

Explore our data on gender and representation in Australian politics – from a global, federal, state and local government perspective

Read the report

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